Monday, May 11, 2009

Sunnah and Hadith

"And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you, leave it. And fear Allah: truly Allah is severe in punishment. " [Holy Quran 59:7]

In Islam, the Arabic word sunnah has come to denote the way Prophet Muhammad (saas), the Messenger of Allah, lived his life. The Sunnah is the second source of Islamic jurisprudence, the first being the Qur'an. Both sources are indispensable; one cannot practice Islam without consulting both of them. The Arabic word hadith (pl. ahadith) is very similar to Sunnah, but not identical. A hadith is a narration about the life of the Prophet (saas) or what he approved - as opposed to his life itself, which is the Sunnah as already mentioned.

In M. M. Azami's Studies in Hadith Methodology and Literature, the following precise definition of a hadith is given,

"According to Muhaddithiin [scholars of hadith -ed.] it stands for 'what was transmitted on the authority of the Prophet, his deeds, sayings, tacit approval, or description of his sifaat (features) meaning his physical appearance. However, physical appearance of the Prophet is not included in the definition used by the jurists.'

Thus hadith literature means the literature which consists of the narrations of the life of the Prophet and the things approved by him. However, the term was used sometimes in much broader sense to cover the narrations about the Companions [of the Prophet -ed.] and Successors [to the Companions -ed.] as well. "

Professor Muhammad Mustafa Al-Azami,
one of the world's premier scholars of Hadith, was born in Mau, India in the early 1930s and received his education successively at Dar al-Ulum Deoband, India (1952), al-Azhar University, Cairo (M.A., 1955), and University of Cambridge (Ph.D., 1966). He is Professor Emeritus at King Sa'ud University (Riyadh) where he also chaired the department of Islamic Studies; he holds a Saudi citizenship. Al-Azami served as curator of the National Public Library, Qatar; Associate Professor at Umm al-Qura University (Makkah); Visiting Scholar at University of Michigan (Ann Arbor); Visiting Fellow at St. Cross College (University of Oxford); King Faisal Visiting Professor for Islamic Studies at Princeton; and Visiting Scholar at University of Colorado (Boulder). He is also an Honorary Professor at University of Wales (Lampeter). His publications include Studies in Early Hadith Literature, Hadith Methodology and Literature, On Schacht's Origins of Muahmmadan Jurisprudence, Dirasat fi al-Hadith an-Nabawi, Kuttab an-Nabi, Manhaj an-Naqd 'ind al-Muhaddithin, and al-Muhaddithun min al-Yamamah. Among his credited works are al-Ilal of Ibn al-Madini, Kitab at-Tamyiz of Imam Muslim, Maghazi Rasulullah of Urwah ibn Zubayr, Muwatta Imam Malik, Sahih ibn Khuzaimah, and Sunan ibn Majah. Many of al-Azami's works have been translated internationally, and his forthcoming works include The Qur'anic Challenge: A Promise Fulfilled, and The Isnad System: Its Origins and Authenticity. In 1980 he was the recipient of the prestigious King Faisal International Award for Islamic Studies.

Monday, March 30, 2009

Asmaul Husna

01 Ar-Rahman
-Yang Maha Pemurah
-Yang Maha Mengasihi
-Yang Maha Menguasai
-Yang Maha Suci
-Yang Maha Selamat Sejahtera
06 Al-Mu'min
-Yang Maha Melimpahkan Keamanan
07 Al-Muhaimin
-Yang Maha Pengawal serta Pengawas
08 Al-Aziz
-Yang Maha Berkuasa
09 Al-Jabbar
-Yang Maha Kuat
10 Al-Mutakabir
-Yang Melengkapi Segala Ke Besarannya
11 Al-Khaliq
-Yang Maha Pencipta
12 Al-Bari
-Yang Maha Menjadikan
13 Al-Musawwir
-Yang Maha Pembentuk
14 Al-Ghaffar
-Yang Maha Pengampun
15 Al-Qahhar
-Yang Maha Perkasa
16 Al-Wahhab
-Yang Maha Penganugerah
17 Al-Razzaq
-Yang Maha Pemberi Rezeki
18 Al-Fattah
-Yang Maha Pembuka
19 Al-'Alim
-Yang Maha Mengetahui
20 Al-Qabidh
-Yang Maha Pengekang
21 Al-Basit
-Yang Maha Melimpah Nikmat
22 Al-Khafidh
-Yang Maha Perendah (Pengurang)
23 Ar-Rafi'
-Yang Maha Peninggi
24 Al-Mu'izz
-Yang Maha Mengasihi dan menghormati (Memuliakan)
25 Al-Muzill
-Yang Maha Menghina
26 As-Sami'
-Yang Maha Mendengar
27 Al-Basir
-Yang Maha Melihat
28 Al-Hakam
-Yang Maha Mengadili
29 Al-'Adl
-Yang Maha 'Adil
30 Al-Latif
-Yang Maha Lembut serta Halus
31 Al-Khabir
-Yang Maha Mengetahui
32 Al-Halim
-Yang Maha Penyabar
33 Al-'Azim
-Yang Maha Agung
34 Al-Ghafur
-Yang Maha Pengampun
35 Asy-Syakur
-Yang Maha Bersyukur
36 Al-'Aliy
-Yang Maha Tinggi serta Mulia
37 Al-Kabir
-Yang Maha Besar
38 Al-Hafiz
-Yang Maha Memelihara
39 Al-Muqit
-Yang Maha Menjaga
40 Al-Hasib
-Yang Maha Penghitung
41 Al-Jalil
-Yang Maha Besar serta Mulia
42 Al-Karim
-Yang Maha Pemurah
43 Ar-Raqib
-Yang Maha Waspada
44 Al-Mujib
-Yang Maha Pengkabul
45 Al-Wasi'
-Yang Maha Luas
46 Al-Hakim
-Yang Maha Bijaksana
47 Al-Wadud
-Yang Maha Penyayang
48 Al-Majid
-Yang Maha Mulia
49 Al-Ba'ith
-Yang Maha Membangkitkan Semula
50 Asy-Syahid
-Yang Maha Menyaksi
51 Al-Haqq
-Yang Maha Benar
52 Al-Wakil
-Yang Maha Pentadbir
53 Al-Qawiy
-Yang Maha Kuat
54 Al-Matin
-Yang Maha Teguh
55 Al-Waliy
-Yang Maha Melindungi
56 Al-Hamid
-Yang Maha Terpuji
57 Al-Muhsi
-Yang Maha Penghitung
58 Al-Mubdi
-Yang Maha Pencipta dari Asal
59 Al-Mu'id
-Yang Maha Mengembali serta Memulihkan
60 Al-Muhyi
-Yang Maha Menghidupkan
61 Al-Mumit
-Yang Mematikan
62 Al-Hayy
-Yang Senantiasa Hidup
63 Al-Qayyum
-Yang Hidup serta Berdiri Sendiri
64 Al-Wajid
-Yang Maha Penemu
65 Al-Majid
-Yang Maha Mulia
66 Al-Wahid
-Yang Maha Esa
67 Al-Ahad
-Yang Tunggal
68 As-Samad
-Yang Menjadi Tumpuan
69 Al-Qadir
-Yang Maha Berupaya
70 Al-Muqtadir
-Yang Maha Berkuasa
71 Al-Muqaddim
-Yang Maha Menyegera
72 Al-Mu'akhkhir
-Yang Maha Penangguh
73 Al-Awwal
-Yang Pertama
74 Al-Akhir
-Yang Akhir
75 Az-Zahir
-Yang Zahir
76 Al-Batin
-Yang Batin
77 Al-Wali
-Yang Wali / Yang Memerintah
78 Al-Muta'ali
-Yang Maha Tinggi serta Mulia
79 Al-Barr
-Yang banyak membuat kebajikan
80 At-Tawwab
-Yang Menerima Taubat
81 Al-Muntaqim
-Yang Menghukum (mereka yang bersalah)
82 Al-'Afuw
-Yang Maha Pengampun
83 Ar-Ra'uf
-Yang Maha Pengasih serta Penyayang
84 Malik-ul-Mulk
-Pemilik Kedaulatan Yang Kekal
85 Dzul-Jalal-Wal-Ikram
-Yang Mempunyai Kebesaran dan Kemuliaan
86 Al-Muqsit
-Yang Maha Saksama

87 Al-Jami'
-Yang Maha Pengumpul
88 Al-Ghaniy
-Yang Maha Kaya serta Serba Lengkap
89 Al-Mughni
-Yang Maha Mengkayakan dan Memakmurkan
90 Al-Mani'
-Yang Maha Pencegah
91 Al-Darr
-Yang Mendatangkan Mudharat
92 Al-Nafi'
-Yang Memberi Manfaat
93 Al-Nur
-Yang bercahaya
94 Al-Hadi
-Yang Memimpin dan Memberi Pertunjuk
95 Al-Badi'
-Yang Maha Pencipta Yang Tiada BandinganNya
96 Al-Baqi
-Yang Maha Kekal
97 Al-Warith
-Yang Maha Mewarisi
98 Ar-Rasyid
-Yang Memimpin (Ke arah Kebenaran)
99 As-Sabur
-Yang Maha Penyabar